ͺ

            ѧࡵ觵ҧ ͺ д ÷Ѵ ͹ ѹ 繵 ҹٻҧѡɳзᵡҧѹ ҡöʡѺҹ¡ҷʷҧͧ ô ê Թ ͡ʴ¼˹ѧ
             (matter) 觷յǵ ͧ÷ öʨѺͧ»ҷ ժԵժԵҧСͺͧСͺҴ硷¡
             (substance) ͧ͢ëҷҺͧСͺ͹ èͧСͺҧǡѹ ѵ੾ ö¹ͷ 觷êԴ˹ᵡҧҡաԴ˹觡 ѵԢͧ öṡѵԢͧ 2 ѧ
            1. ѵԷҧҾ (physical property) ѵԢͧ÷öѧࡵҡѡɳ¹͡ ʶҹ ù俿 ¹ شʹ ش 繵 öѧࡵѡɳзҧҾͧ¡ҷػóдɰ ͧѴ˹ ͧѴù俿 ͧѴ 繵
            2. ѵԷҧ (chemical property) ѵԷǢͧѺԴԡ ͡¹ŧҧբͧ Դ ԴС͹ üء͹ õԴ Դʹ ¹ŧѧҹ͹ʧ 繵
ٻʴԴԡբͧëѧࡵҡԴС͹

ҧʴҧͧѵԷҧҾѵԷҧ

ѵԷҧҾ

ѵԷҧ

1.

俿

- ӻԡҡѺ͡ਹԴʹ

2. ӵŷ

֡բǢ ҹ ¹

- ͹俨ѧҹ͹ ͡ҡ繤͹մ

3. ʤ͹͡䫴

öͧµ

- ӻԡҡѺô͹ԡ

4. й

繢ͧ͹

- ӻԡҡѺзԴáѴ͹
- ӻԡҡѺзԴ俿

5. Թٹ

繢ͧ յҧ բ չӵ 繵

- ӻԡҡѺôʤ͹͡䫴