èṡͧ

èṡ͡Ǵ öԸ Ѻࡳ㹡
            #ʶҹТͧࡳ ͡ 3
            1. ʤ͹͡䫴 ͡ਹ 繵
            2. ͧ 繵
            3. ͧ ʵԡ 繵
            #ù俿ࡳ ͡ 2
            1. ÷俿
            2. ÷俿
            #ѡɳࡳ ͡ 2
            1.
            2. ͼ

             ÷ͧ жҵǨͺѵԢͧè͹ѹءǹ ҨͧСͺ ͧСͺ úط
            1. úط ÷ͧСͺ§Դ ҵûСͺ 觡 ÷ԴҡͧСͺҡ˹觪Դ ѵǹŢͧ÷ͧСͺ
                 - ҵ = С ͧ Թ ͡ਹ ਹ 繵 觸ҵ ( ͧ Թ) ( ͡ਹ ਹ) ( )
                 - ûСͺ = ӵŷ ᡧ ô 繵

ӵŷ

ҧûСͺ
            2. 繢ͧ ѵǹŢͧ÷ͧСͺ褧 ͧСͺͧ 2 ǹ
            1. Ƿ ÷ջҳҡش (óʶҹͧСͺ͹ѹ) ÷ʶҹǡѺ (óʶҹͧСͺҧѹ)
            2. ÷ջҳ ʶҹеҧҡ
                 - Сͺ¹ Ԩó ʶҹ繢ͧ йӡʶҹ繢ͧ ѧ Ө֧繵Ƿ ǹ 繢ͧ ֧繵
                 -ҡ Сͺ
                 1) ਹ ҳ 78%
                 2) ͡ਹ ҳ 21%
                 3) ʤ͹͡䫴 1%
                 Ԩó ҡͧСͺʶҹǡѹ ֧ͧٻҳ÷ͧСͺ ѧ ਹ 繵Ƿ (ջҳҡ) ǹ͡ਹ ʤ͹͡䫴繵

ͤ÷Һ

            Ƿ §ͧСͺ öͧСͺ
             Ƿ +

ҧʴҧªԴҧ

ʶҹ

Ƿ

1. ͧͧ
2. ­ҷ
3. 硡
4. ҡ
5.
6.
7.
8. ⫴
9. š
10. ԧʹչ
11. ҡ
12. ا

ͧ
ͧ
ͧ
ͧ
ͧ
ͧ
ͧ
ͧ
ͧ
ͧ

ѧ
ͧᴧ

ͧᴧ
ѷ



ͷҹ
ͷҹ

ѧ
ͧᴧ

ͧᴧ
ѷ



ͷҹ
ͷҹ

ͼ

            ͼ ÷ͧСͺҡ˹ǹ ÷ͧͧСͺ ö 2 ͧСͺ
                 - ͼ ´ ǹ
                 - ü ´ ǹ
                 - ǹ üСͺ÷͹Ҥ鹼ҹٹҧǡ ૹ Ш÷繵ǡҧաԴ˹ ͷеС͹ ö¡͹Ҥǹ¡дɡͧ
                 - ´ üСͺ÷͹Ҥ鹼ҹٹҧҧ - ૹ Ш÷繵ǡҧաԴ˹ ö¡͹Ҥ㹤´͡ҡǡҧ¡д࿹ҹ öдɡͧ㹡¡͹Ҥͧҡ͹Ҥͧ´բҴ硡٢ͧдɡͧ

ػᵡҧҧüѺͼ

            ᵡҧҧüѺͼ üͧСͺ 2 ǹ Ҩͧ§ǹǹ (ǹ ͧ ǹ ͧͼ ´ ǹ)
                 - ü ҧط դᵡҧѹͧҴͧ͹Ҥ
                 - ǹ բҴ鹼ҹٹҧͧ͹Ҥҡ
ҧǹ
                 - ´ բҴ鹼ҹٹҧͧ͹Ҥҧ -
ҧ´
                 - բҴ鹼ҹٹҧͧ͹Ҥ硡
            # ԸաõǨͺü 3 Դ Ը ѧ
            Ըշ 1
                 õҧͧõǨͺ ǶҵС͹ʴ õҧǹ (͹ҤҴ˭ Ũ֧ҡ 鵡С͹)
            Ըշ 2
                 ͺԸաáͧҹдɡͧСд࿹ 觡дɡͧöͧ÷鹼ҹٹҧ˭ ૹâ Сд࿹öͧ÷բҴ鹼ҹٹҧ˭ ૹ

#ػš÷ͺ

            1. ǹ öҹ駡дɡͧСд࿹ (͹Ҥ > ૹ)
            2. ´ ҹдɡͧ öҹд࿹ (ૹ > ͹Ҥ > ૹ)
            3. ҹ駡дɡͧСд࿹ (͹Ҥ < ૹ)

ͤ÷Һ

            ´ѡɳоɡü öԴ "ҡóԹ (Tyndall Effect)"
ҡóԹ 鹾 Թ (John Tyndall) ѡԷʵŹ 㹻 .. 2412
ҡóԹ ʧз͹Ҥͧ´Դáԧʧ ͧʧ㹤´ ʧöؼҹ´
            # ͧ´
            1. (gel) 繤´Դҡ÷ʶҹ繢ͧ ÷šŢҴ˭ 觡Ш÷繵ǡҧʶҹ繢ͧ ѡѡɳзդ˹˹״ 硫 ¡ ҧ 繵
            2. (foam) 繤´ҨԴҡʷШ㹢ͧТͧ
                 - ʷШ㹢ͧ ͧӷѺٵ 繵
                 - ʷШ㹢ͧ ͧ ͧҡѡ͡ ͧҡҧ˹ 繵
            3. ë (aerosol) 繤´ҨԴҡ÷ʶҹ繢ͧͧ͢ǷШ
                 - ͧ秷Ш ͧШҡ ѹ 繵
                 - ͧǷШ Ѻҡ ҦŧԴ 繵
            4. Ūѹ (emulsion) 繤´Դҡ÷ʶҹ繢ͧ ѹ ١ѹ¡÷ūԿ 繵ǻҹͧǷͧǡѹ Դ÷¡ Ūѹ
                 - ѹѺ չʺūԿ
                 - Ѵ (ѹת ª) ᴧūԿ

ͤ÷Һ

                 - ͧǷǡѹ ǡѹ ¡ Ūѹ (emulsion)
                 - ÷Դûҹѹ ¡ ūԿ (emulzifier)
            5. (sol) 繤´Դҡ÷ʶҹ繢ͧ šŢҴ硡Ш÷繵ǡҧʶҹ繢ͧ ͺ 繵

Ἱѧʴͧ

            õǨͺúط
            Ըշ 1
             ¡͹ ( ÷¹ʶҹШҡͧǡ)
ŷԴ բͧʴ ͧСͺ 2 ǹʶҹᵡҧѹ (ͧ㹢ͧ) ʴ
ŷԴ ʴ ҨúطͧСͺ·ͧСͺʶҹǡѹ (ͧǷ駵Ƿе) ѧ ֧ػû
            Ըշ 2
            ÷ͧõǨͺҨشʹ (ù鹵ͧ繢ͧ)
ŷԴ ҡشʹ ù鹤úط Ҩشʹͧù褧 ù鹤 ͹سԡѺ¹ҿ繤ᵡҧ ѧ
            Ըշ 3
            ÷ҵǨͺ繢ͧ ԸաõǨͺ Ҩش (ش ¹ʶҹТͧèҡͧ繢ͧ ǧǤسԵ¨ù)
            ŷԴ
                 1) ǧǡҧ ù
                 2) ǧ᤺ ùúط