ҵ

            ҵ úط ö¡Դ¡кǹ ҵЪԴлСͺеͧҵ§Դҹ
ҵؤչ ٵš
ҵ͡ਹ ٵš
ٵš Na
ͧҵ ҵ͡ 3 ѵԢͧҵ С

             (metals) 繸ҵط辺ҡش ǹҡѡʶҹТͧ ¡鹻ͷʶҹ繢ͧ ͹ҤԴѹ çִ˹ҧ͹Ҥ٧ըشʹШشǷ٧ ѹ öҵ 俿Ф͹ öӻԡҡѺôͧʢͧਹ

(non metal) ոҵطз 17 ҵ ਹ ͹ ਹ ͡ਹ չ ͹ ʿ жѹ չ ͹ չ Ի͹ ʹչ չ͹ ô͹ʶҹ駢ͧ ͧ
ҵзʶҹТͧ 繸ҵطеҡ ʹչ жѹ ʿ
ҵзʶҹТͧ չ
ҵзʶҹ 繸ҵطеҡ ͡ਹ ਹ ਹ
ѵԢͧҵ ըشʹШشǵ ͹俿 ¡鹤͹ٻͧ俵й俿 öӻԡҡѺôͧਹ

俵 Թͷͧ


(metalloid) ոҵط繡 8 ҵ͹ ԡ͹ ૹԡ ǧ ʷҷչ 繸ҵطѵҧҵ ѧ 俿 سͧ ù俿Ҩ鹵س ըشʹШش٧ դ٧

ҵطѡԷʵ鹾ǹԴҡ
                 - ҵҹԴͧҵ
                 - ҵطԴҡѧҡѡԷʵ
͸ҵط鹾ҡªԴ ѧԴдǡ㹡ù ֧ѭѡɳͧҵ᷹ͧ͢ҵع ҡ ŵѹ ѡԷʵѧ ʹѭѡɳͧҵٻҾѭѡɳ ѧҧ

ٻʴٻҾͧѭѡɳҵ

            ͸ҵҡ ѧ鹨֧繡ҡ͡èй ѧҡѭѡɳ᷹ҵع
֧¡ԡ ѡԷʵഹԴк ѭѡɳ᷹ͧ͢ҵ ѡõ仹
            1. ҵطժеԹ ѡõá¹µǾ˭᷹͸ҵع
            2. ҵطժеԹ ѧѡõá¹µǾ˭᷹͸ҵع ҡաóշҵժͫӡѹ ҵط辺ѧѭѡɳǷͧ ѧա͹仵ѡõǶѴ ѡõǾ ѧ㹵ҧ

ҧʴ¡ѭѡɳҵ


            㹻Ѩغѹաä鹾ҵҡ 100 Դ ֧աùӸҵҨѴǴسѵԷ¤֧ѹ дǡ͡ùªлͧѹѺʹ ֧ҨѴѹ㹵ҧ¡ ҧҵ (periodic table) ѧٻ

ҵطеҡѡöѧ͡ ҵشѧ¡ ҵءѹѧ ѧշԴ¡ ѹҾѧ ѡԷʵǽ鹾ҵءѹѧ繤á¤鹾ѧըҡҵ 鹾ҵءѹѧöª㹷ҧᾷ

ѡԷʵ֡Ҹҵءѹѧ

֡Ҹҵءѹѧ ҵؾ ҵҹѧ͡ 3 Դ ѧſ ѧպյ ѧ ´ ѧ
# ѧſ ѭѡɳ ͹ҤջШ俿繺ǡ 4 Ңͧеਹ Ǣͧѧյ ͧҡѧշ зӹҨ÷طǧ дɡö
# ѧպյ ѭѡɳ ͹ҤջШ俿ź ŹҡҡѺŢͧ硵͹ ѧ鹷դ٧§Ѻʧͻҳ õԹҷ ӹҨ÷طǧ٧ѧſ öҹкҧ
# ѧ ѭѡɳ ѧշջШ ѧշٻͧ俿ҷդǤ ٧֧ӹҨ÷طǧ٧ öҹ͹յ͵С˹

ٻʴӹҨ÷طǧѵآͧѧЪԴ

ªͧҵءѹѧ
ҵءѹѧ öª´ҹ ҹóԷ ҹᾷ ҹɵá ҹصˡ ҹö ҹԨ

ҧʴªҡҵءѹѧ

ҵءѹѧ 
ѭѡɳ 
ª

ʹչ

⤺ŵ

ͧ

ͷ

ʿ

͹

I-131

Na-24

Co-60

Ra-226

Au-198

Hg-203

U-235

P-32

C-14

Fe-59

ǨԴԢͧ´

Ǩк¹Ե

㹡öѡä

ػóҧᾷѡä

ǨͺԴԢͧѺ䢡д١

ǨͺԴԢͧͧ

ԧçҹ俿ҹ

ѡʹ

آͧҡ֡Ӻþѵҳ

Ѵѵҡҧآͧʹᴧ


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