ǹ

            ǹ (suspension) ¶֧ ÷Сͺ͹ҤբҴ鹼ҹٹҧҴ˭ ૹ㹢ͧ觶բҴ˭ҡͧѴਹеС͹÷ͧСͺ
բҴ硡СШ㹢ͧǷͧǢͩʧҹзֺʧ͹Ҥͧǹö
ҹдɡͧСд࿹ Ź ŴôԴ

´

            ´ (colloid) Сͺ͹Ҥ鹼ҹٹҧҧ ֧ ૹ ͩʧҹʧԴ ͹Ҥͧ÷Ш㹵ǡҧмҹдɡͧ ҹд࿹ ӹ ӹʴ ء

ٻʴ´

´ 3 ʶҹ ͧ ͧ

ҧʴ´辺㹪ԵШѹ

ʺ繤´㹪ԵШѹ

            ͩʧҹͧǷѵ繤´ͧʧҧѴਹ ͧҡԴáԧͧʧ¡ ҡóԹ (tyndall effect) ǹǹ¨зֺʧ ʧöҹ ʧҹʹ ֧ʧ㹢ͧ
ҧҡóԹ㹪ԵШѹ áԧͧʧ˹ö¹ҡȷսͧҧ͡ҧ ʧ俨ҡö¹դҧҡ

ٻʴáԧͧʧ˹ö¹

            ҩ俨ҡ觡Դʧ ҡк͡俩ҡҧ׹ѧҡ оҧ¡һ ͧҡҡ㹢й սͧҡ ʧԹҧҡ觡Դʧ͡鹵çԴáԧ
´ͧСͺ 2 ǹ
                 1. ǡҧ
                 2. ǹ㹵ǡҧ
ҧ ʴ Դҡͧѹ õչ й չ繵ǡҧ ѹѵШ㹵ǡҧ ǹõչ˹ҷѹйǡѹ ͡ҡʴѧ ա¾ԨóҨҡҧ

ҧʴ´辺㹪ԵШѹ

繤´Ҿ㹪ԵШѹ

            㹪ԵШѹ ෹ѹתŧ㹹 ͧǨ¡鹡ѹ¹ѹ躹ǹ դ˹蹹¡ҹ ҵͧѹǡѺ ÷ӹѴ ᴧŧ ᴧõչѹѺǡѹ ѹᴧѹǨѴŪѹ ǹᴧѹѹ Ѵū

(solution) ǷСͺµǷ (solvent) е (solute)
õǨͺѵԢͧͧǺҧԴ ҹᴧ ҹ ͹仡ͧ¡дɡͧõҧѧöҹ࿹ա ͹ù͹

ٻʴõ¨

            ͧǨ¡ õҧҹ ¡Ըա ԸչöǨͺͧСͺͧͧǷ 觷¡¡ Ƿ 觷赡ҧҹ 觷ͧ觨ѴǹСͺ
¨ṡ 3 ʶҹ
            1. ʶҹТͧ
            2. ʶҹТͧ
            3. ʶҹ

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