ԡ

ԡ (chemical reaction) ¶֧ ¹ŧԴ ѵԵҧҡ á͹¹ŧ¡ õ駵 (reactant) ÷Դ¡ Եѳ (product)
㹢зԴԡ ͡ҡѧҨԴ¹ŧ㹴ҹ ա ¹ŧѧҹ
ҧԴԡշʹ
͹Ǵŧ¡ôäԡ 繻ԡҧ () Ѻô (ôäԡ) ÷ͧзӻԡҡѹ Դ¹ŧԴ鹴ѧ

¹ѭѡɳͧҵûСͺ㹻ԡѧ
Mg =
HCl = ôäԡ (ô)
= ô
= ਹ

¹ѭѡɳͧҵûСͺ㹻ԡѧ
K =
HCl = ôäԡ (ô)
KCl = ô
= ਹ

¹ѭѡɳͧҵûСͺ㹻ԡѧ
Na =
HCl = ôäԡ (ô)
NaCl = ô (ᡧ)
= ਹ

¹õ駵鹢ͧԡҨҡôäԡ (HCl) 繹 (H2O) ö¹ѹҧõ駵 繼Եѳѧ

¹ѭѡɳͧҵûСͺ㹻ԡ ѧ
Mg =
=
= δ͡䫴
= ਹ

¹ѭѡɳͧҵûСͺ㹻ԡѧ
Na =
=
NaOH = δ͡䫴
= ਹ


¹ѭѡɳͧҵûСͺ㹻ԡѧ
Ca =
=
= δ͡䫴
= ਹ

ͧԡ

ԡըṡ 3 ѧ
1. ԡҡ (combination) 繻ԡҷԴҡǢͧšѹš˭ ԴҡǢͧҵث觨ûСͺ ѧ

2. ԡҡ¡ (decomposition) 繻ԡҷԴ¡¢ͧš˭šŧ ѧ

3. ԡҡ᷹ (replacement) 繻ԡҡ᷹ͧ˹᷹ա˹ ѧ

Ѩ·ռŵ͡Դԡ
Ѩ·ռŵ͡Դԡ ¶֧觷ռŷ黯ԡԴͪ
1. ·դҡҨԴԡǡ·ͨҧ
2. 鹷 ͧ秷վ鹷ҡҨԴԡǡ
3. س س٧ҨԴԡǡҷسԵӡ
4. 觻ԡ͵Ǥеʵ (catalyst) êԴҧ öԴԡǢ

ԡշ辺㹪ԵШѹмŵǴ
ԡԴҡ÷ӻԡҡѹ ù鹤ͼԵѳ Եѳշ駻ª ͺ ջԡԴҡ ԡҪҧ ɵá صˡ ҧҹǹǡѺԡշ ֧һԡդӤѭͪԵҧ
ҧԡշ辺㹪ԵШѹ
1. ô Դŧ () ʵҧ ҡȵҵ ʤ͹͡䫴 () ʫ͡䫴 () ਹ͡䫴 ()
͹ʤ͹͡䫴ҡ зӽҾ繡ô͹ԡ () ѧ

͹ӽҾ繡ô仵ԹٹзӻԡҡѺ๵ () Թٹ ਹ๵ () ͡ ѧ

ਹ๵ū仵ྴҹ ӨԹٹШԹ·ྴҹ ¹´ŧ鹶 ͹ 仨СԹ͡
ػԡ㹡ԴԹԹ͡

ٻʴԹ

2. ԡСѺ͡ਹ ͹Ӹҵ (Na) (Mg) ӻԡҡѺ͡ਹ зԴҧԴûСͺ ͡䫴ͧ ǹҵ ͹ (C) ͷӻԡ Ѻ͡ਹзԴҧԴûСͺ͡䫴ͧ
ҧʴԴԡҡǢͧҵءѺ͡ਹ 觷ԴûСͺ͡䫴

3. ԡ͡䫴ͧСѺ ͡䫴ͧ͹¹Ө ѧҧ



͡䫴ͧ͹¹Ө¡ô ѧ

· ÷÷繡ô öǨͺ繡ôԹ͡дԵ
4. ԡҢͧСѺ ô ͹ҷӻԡҡѺӨ÷ѵ ѧҧ

͹ҷӻԡҡѺô͡Ѻਹ ѧҧ

͹кҧԴҷӻԡҡѺʨ͡ѺԴ


5. ԡҡôѺ ͹¡ôѺҷӻԡҡѹ͡Ѻ ѧҧ

6. ԡҡôѺä๵ ûСͺ๵ͷӻԡҡѺôʤ͹͡䫴 ѧҧ